Brescia’s centre contains monumental archaeological remains of ancient Brixia, impressive evidence of the town’s long history. In Roman times, Brescia was one of the most important cities of northern Italy, located along the Via Gallica – the road that connected some of the most significant centres of Celtic origin – at the mouth of alpine valleys of ancient settlement (the Valle Camonica and the Valle Trompia), between Lake Iseo and Lake Garda, and immediately to the north of a rich and wide plain reclaimed during Augustan age.
The Brescia’s Roman archeological area still preserves the city’s oldest and most important buildings, such as the Republican sanctuary (1st century AD), the Capitolium (73 AD) and the Roman theatre (1st-3rd century AD). This archaeological area opens onto the current Piazza del Foro, which preserves remains of the Roman-era square (1st century AD).
The Capitolium, the main temple of every Roman city, symbol of Rome’s culture itself, houses one of the most extraordinary bronze statues of the Roman era: the Winged Victory.
The statue, symbol of the city of Brescia, is one of the most important Roman works due to its composition, material and conservation status, and one of the few Roman bronzes from archaeological excavation preserved up until now. Collaboration between the City of Brescia, Fondazione Brescia Musei and Florence’s Opificio delle Pietre Dure made a project for studying, retaining and restoring the statue, which is currently displayed in the eastern aula of the Capitolium, in a new museum exhibition space designed by the Spanish architect Juan Navarro Baldeweg.
Via dei Musei, 55, 25121 Brescia BS
Recently returned to Brescia’s citizens after being closed for 9 years, Pinacoteca Tosio Martinengo reopens to the public presenting a new layout and extremely important works of art, from the Renaissance and its main representatives like Raphael and Lotto to the greatest 19th century painters. This museum brings Brescia more and more at the centre of cultural and tourist itineraries in Lombardy and northern Italy.